Light-rail transit (LRT) is commonly thought to stimulate economic development and boost property values. However, knowledge gaps have made it difficult to gauge exactly how much property values increase and when the increase happens.
In a new study, U of M researchers Jason Cao and Shengnan Lou help fill those gaps. Using tax parcel data and modeling techniques, they assessed the impacts of the Green Line LRT on sale prices of single-family houses near station areas in Saint Paul. They also examined when the value uplift occurred, focusing on two key time points—before and after the Federal Transit Administration’s announcement of the full funding grant agreement (FFGA) in April 2011, and before and after the start of Green Line operation in June 2014.
Researchers at the Humphrey School of Public Affairs have found a definite link between the construction of the Green Line and economic development activity along its route.
In a CTS-funded study, CTS Scholar Jason Cao and researcher Dean Porter-Nelson looked at real estate development plans along the Green Line in the years before it began operating.
They found that as soon as final funding plans came together in 2011, applications for building permits along the Green line increased significantly, compared to permit applications for new construction and remodeling along existing transit routes.
University of Minnesota researchers at the Minnesota Traffic Observatory will work to improve the mobility of people and goods across the nation as part of the new Freight Mobility Research Institute, a Tier 1 University Transportation Center funded in 2016.
Led by Florida Atlantic University (FAU), the Institute will receive $1.4 million per year from the United States Department of Transportation for five years. A combined match from state and private-sector sources will bring the award to more than $10 million in total. In addition to FAU and the U of M, Institute members include the University of Florida, Portland State University, Hampton University, the University of Memphis, and Texas A&M University (College Station).
The bicycling industry in Minnesota—including manufacturing, wholesaling, retail sales, and non-profits and advocacy groups—produced an estimated total of $780 million of economic activity in 2014. This includes 5,519 jobs and $209 million in annual labor income (wages, salaries, and benefits) paid to Minnesota workers.
These findings are an important component of a multifaceted report from U of M researchers. Their research, funded by MnDOT, provides a comprehensive understanding of the economic impact and health effects of bicycling in Minnesota.
A newly published article in the journal Community Development highlights work on transportation and economic competitiveness conducted by Humphrey School researchers.
Article authors Lee Munnich, senior fellow, and Frank Douma, director of the State and Local Policy Program, outline how their team worked with the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT), Minnesota Department of Administration, and University of Minnesota Extension to develop and implement a unique approach linking economic development and transportation planning. Their work has focused on getting manufacturers’ perspectives on transportation issues as part of regional transportation decision making.
Congratulations to CTS Scholar Lee Munnich, who was recently selected to receive the University of Minnesota President’s Award for Outstanding Service. The award is presented annually by President Eric Kaler to recognize faculty and staff who have provided exceptional service and commitment to the U of M.
Munnich, a senior fellow at the Humphrey School of Public Affairs, led the State and Local Policy Program for 25 years before retiring in 2015. He now teaches and conducts research part time. His work focuses on transportation’s role in the community, congestion pricing, rural transportation safety, and economic competitiveness.
More than Metro Transit buses 25 percent of a typical transit agency’s bus drivers do not have regular work assignments. These reserve drivers cover work resulting from both planned and unplanned work assignment changes.
A dispatcher assigns planned open work to reserve drivers a day in advance, but unplanned work is assigned as it becomes available without knowledge of which pieces of work may become available later that day—giving rise to the challenging problem of online interval scheduling.
Making assignment decisions is a balancing act that requires choosing between reserve operators or regular operators receiving overtime pay. To help address this trade-off, U of M researchers designed an algorithm that increases the amount of work covered by same-day reserve drivers.